As with the camera settings, I could write (and maybe will in the future) a whole guide on composition techniques.
If you’re unsure what I mean, composition is all about where you place objects and patterns within the frame when you are photographing them.
There are a few important compositional rules that you should know, but later on when you get more experience, you will also get to learn when to break these rules.
I won’t go into that here in this beginners guide, I will briefly discuss just two of the rules, which should be enough to get you started in landscape photography.
The first one is the rule of thirds. If you imagine your frame divided into thirds both horizontally and vertically you get a kind of grid on the screen.
Now if you were photographing a landscape your aim would be to put the horizon on one of the horizontal lines and your main point of interest somewhere around one of the points where the lines intersect.
This should make for a stronger image as these are the areas that your eyes naturally travel to.
The second rule is one of leading lines (or lead in lines). The idea here is to have lines within your images that pull your eyes toward a subject or around the frame.
Although not a great image, this is an example where the pathway is a leading line up to the tree.
This technique encourages the viewers eyes to see the whole image and brings him or her to the subject.
Here is another example where the tree line and the reflection and the clouds all lead into the frame toward the bright sun.